Our local school asked to test my child for the presence of a learning disability. The teacher said they would be looking for problems such as dyslexia, dygraphia, and dyscalcula. What are these?
Dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalcula are all types of learning disabilities.
Dyslexia is also known as “specific reading
disability” and is characterized by difficulties in reading
single words, sometimes because there is a problem relating
the sound of a letter to the written letter character. There
are at least 4 variant types of dyslexia.
Dysgraphia is a writing disability that is often
related to difficulties in the ability to sequence. It is
common for children with dysgraphia to have problems with
copying work. These children also frequently have
difficulties with spelling and punctuation.
Dyscalculia is an arithmetic disability related to
problems with visualization, spatial orientation, symbols
and attention to details. There are at least 4 variant types
For more information on any of these types, contact the Missouri Developmental Disabilities Resource Center at 800-444-0821 or get more information online at http://www.moddrc.org/.
Michelle Reynolds, Director of the Missouri Developmental Disabilities Resource Center, University of Missouri-Kansas City
Last update: Wednesday, April 14, 2010